Water well may be an additional feature for your residential or commercial property; property owners opt for water wells because they can be a source of abundant water. To keep your well maintained and the water safe enough for use, it helps to understand a few things about well water maintenance.

Water wells are installed in three different ways: Dug wells are built by hollowing out a hole in the ground approximately 10 to 30 feet deep to allow groundwater to make its way to the well. They then reinforce the walls with hard materials, such as stones, bricks, and tiles to keep the shape in place and prevent its collapse.


Driven wells, on the other hand, are deeper, plunging to around 30 to 50 feet deep around areas settled by thick sand and gravel deposits. Lastly, drilled wells can descend to as low as 100 to 400 feet into the bedrock, intersecting fractures that contain ground water.

It is important to choose your reinforcing materials to buttress the walls of the well completely. The walls should be intact to serve as effective barriers from having soil particles contaminate the water supply. The barriers also serve as coverings for the pumping mechanism that encourage smooth water movement. Take note that the shallower the well, the higher its risks of being contaminated. Thus, dug wells specifically, being only 10 to 30 feet deep, pose a higher risk of being mucked up.

Your Athens, GA plumber can recommend the right watertight materials—concrete, cement grout, and bentonite clay—for sealing purposes, and give advice on quality metal pipes. Supplementary materials should meet certain strength qualifications to keep your well in optimal condition for a longer time. Do not settle for cheap and weak materials as they will shift and crack, and result in premature damages. The surrounding land surface where the well would be installed should be mounded to allow for surface water run-off.

Bailing, pumping, surging, and air compression (blowing) are just some of the procedures to building water wells on your property. After your Athens, GA well service contractor completes these steps and other operations, the team would proceed with proper sanitation measures, including installing air ventilation systems to equalize air pressure between the atmosphere and the casing’s interior.

Air ventilation pipes have screens to block foreign materials from entering the well. For your plumbing concerns and inquiries on well drilling and construction, consult with any reliable plumbing contractor, such as Athens Plumbing & Well Service, for advice.

(Source: Water Well Basics, Well Owner)